|The oil production platform at the Sakhalin-I field in Russia, partly owned by ONGC Videsh Ltd., Rosneft Oil Co., Exxon Mobil Corp. and Japan's Sakhalin Oil and Gas Development Co. on June 9, 2009.|
As sanções de Obama e dos caniches europeus foram um tiro no pé
Rússia confirmou, a 27 de setembro, a descoberta no Ártico de uma nova reserva petrolífera que poderá chegar aos nove mil milhões de barris de crude. O furo entretanto aberto promete mil milhões de barris. O mundo, porém, produziu mais do triplo desta quantidade em 2013, algo parecido com: 27.740.000.000 barris. A estrutura geológica que alberga este novo e importante achado petrolífero, Universitetskaya, faz parte de uma região petrolífera ainda por explorar e que poderá, dizem, ser maior que a parte que os Estados Unidos detêm no Golfo do México. A Exxon, no entanto, corre o risco de perder os direitos ali negociados, por causa das sanções contra a Rússia impostas pelos falcões de Washington.
Russia Discovers Massive Arctic Oil Field Which May Be Larger Than Gulf Of Mexico
Zero Hedge. Submitted by Tyler Durden on 09/27/2014 16:52 -0400
In a dramatic stroke of luck for the Kremlin, this morning there is hardly a person in the world who is happier than Russian president Vladimir Putin because overnight state-run run OAO Rosneft announced it has discovered what may be a treasure trove of black oil, one which could boost Russia's coffers by hundreds of billions if not more, when a vast pool of crude was discovered in the Kara Sea region of the Arctic Ocean, showing the region has the potential to become one of the world’s most important crude-producing areas, arguably bigger than the Gulf Of Mexico. The announcement was made by Igor Sechin, Rosneft’s chief executive officer, who spent two days sailing on a Russian research ship to the drilling rig where the find was unveiled today.
Russia Says Arctic Well Drilled With Exxon Strikes Oil
By Ilya Arkhipov, Stephen Bierman and Ryan Chilcote Sep 27, 2014 8:02 PM GMT+0100 - Bloomberg
“The announcement was made by Igor Sechin, Rosneft’s chief executive officer, who spent two days sailing on a Russian research ship to the drilling rig where the find was unveiled today. The well found about 1 billion barrels of oil and similar geology nearby means the surrounding area may hold more than the U.S. part of the Gulf or Mexico, he said.”
“The Arctic well will be among the most expensive Exxon has ever drilled, costing at least $600 million. The spending is justified by the potential prize. Universitetskaya, the geological structure being drilled, is the size of the city of Moscow and large enough to contain more than 9 billion barrels, a trove worth more than $900 billion at today’s prices.”
Rosneft and ExxonMobil strike oil in Arctic well
By Jack Farchy in Moscow and Ed Crooks in New York. Financial Times.
“The $700m well has been one of the most closely watched projects in the oil industry, as geologists believe that the Arctic is the last great unexploited resource. The discovery of “liquids” – industry terminology for oil and condensed gas – is positive since there had been concerns that the drilling campaign may have hit only natural gas, a far less profitable find.”
“Mr Sechin said the field would be called Pobeda -- meaning Victory. He added that the estimated resource base of the “trap” that the drilling had discovered was over 100m tonnes (about 750m barrels) of high-quality light oil and 338bn cubic metres of gas.”
Basta, no entanto, olhar para o mapa do petróleo para percebermos a questão de fundo que está a agitar os grandes países produtores e os grandes países consumidores e explica em grande parte a emergência do Estado Islâmico na sequência da programada desestabilização militar e política do Médio Oriente: Iraque, Afeganistão, Irão, Líbia, Síria, Egito, Gaza, bem como de alguns dos países e regiões chave para a proteção estratégica da Rússia: Ucrânia, Cáucaso, por exemplo.
Resumindo, a situação é esta:
- Os campos gigantes e super-gigantes da produção petrolífera, cerca de 1% de todos os poços existentes, mas que representam 65% das reservas recuperáveis, estão em declínio, com decréscimos anuais na ordem dos 4%, para as explorações em terra, e 9% para os campos offshore (1).
- Estes grandes campos petrolíferos estão concentrados em três regiões: Golfo Pérsico, Rússia e Américas (Alasca, Golfo do México, Brasil e Venezuela). O Golfo da Guiné é também uma região importante, mas onde não existem campos petrolíferos gigantes.
- O crescimento da China e da Índia, e em geral o crescimento relativamente acelerado de muitos países que foram deixados para trás ao longo de todo o século 20, colocam um problema praticamente insolúvel: o petróleo 'barato' acabou em 2005, e em dez a quinze anos deixará de haver petróleo 'abaixo dos 100, 120, 150 USD por barril) suficiente para alimentar a economia global, mesmo que os Estados Unidos, a Europa e o Japão consigam adaptar as suas economia a um novo paradigma de 'crescimento zero'. O gráfico abaixo mostra como sem o petróleo de xisto produzido nos Estados Unidos teria havido em 2013 um declínio da produção global semelhante ao de 2006/07, e uma subsequente alta de preços semelhante à de 2008 no ano que vem (2).
- Aging oil fields can turn the Arabian Peninsula into a powder keg
By Kjell Aleklett
Posted on September 1, 2014
The world’s largest conventional oil field is Ghawar in Saudi Arabia and there are also many other gigantic oilfields in the region. Since the 1950s it is mainly oil from the Arabian Peninsula that has been decisive for the economic growth of the global economy. The problem at the moment is that the fields are old and mature and production is beginning to decline in some of them. What will happen in the future with these fields? At the end of October I am invited to Dubai to give a presentation at the “Monetising Mature Fields 2014 Summit – How to enhance post-peak production assets whilst ensuring cost efficiency”. It will be quite a technical conference and it will be exciting to participate with the other speakers. Here is the title of my presentation and three bullet Points:
“Production from Giant Oilfields in the Twenty-first Century”.
• Around one percent of oilfields globally are giant, but these have around 65 percent of global URR, Ultimately Recoverable Resources.
• Production from giant oilfields is around 40 million barrels per day and decline rates for land-based fields are around 4 percent per year while offshore fields decline by 9 percent per year.
• Giant oilfields are mature and they will all soon be in their decline phase. With an average decline rate of 5 percent per year the world will, within 10 years, lose production from giant oilfields of the order of 20 million barrels per day.
- World crude production 2013 without shale oil is back to 2005 levels
By Matt Mushalik, originally published by Crude Oil Peak | Mar 13, 2014
Unnoticed by the mainstream media, US shale oil covers up a recent decline of crude oil production of 1.5 mb/d in the rest of world (using data up to Oct 2013). This means that without US shale oil the world would be in a deep oil crisis similar to the decline phase 2006/07 when oil prices went up. The decline comes from many countries but is also caused by fights over oil and oil-related issues in Iran, Libya and other countries which can be seen on TV every day.