segunda-feira, fevereiro 06, 2017

Draghi: ¡No pasa nada!

Alguma vez o BCE voltará a colocar no mercado o lixo financeiro que tem andado a comprar? Provavelmente, não. Hummmm...

...we decided to extend the asset purchase programme beyond March 2017, with the intention of conducting our purchases until the end of December 2017 or beyond, if necessary, and in any case until the Governing Council sees a sustained adjustment in the path of inflation consistent with its inflation aim. We will continue to purchase assets at a monthly pace of €80 billion until March. Starting from April, our net asset purchases will run at a monthly pace of €60 billion, and we will reinvest the securities purchased earlier under our programme, as they mature. This will add to our monthly net purchases. 
— in Introductory statement by Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, at the ECON committee of the European Parliament, Brussels, 6 February 2017 (more)

Como afirmou Draghi hoje, ¡No pasa nada! Ou seja, ninguém sabe como sair do ciclo de expansão monetária e repressão fiscal que disfarça o buraco negro do endividamento e da quebra agregada da procura mundial, e portanto, o QE irá prosseguir 'whatever it takes'.
Até lá, os fundos de pensões e as poupanças continuam a caminhar para zero.
Por enquanto, o negócio do BCE e do BoJ é este: 
—compram a si próprios obrigações a 0,45% e a 0,1% (150 mil milhões de dólares/mês!) que depois investem em títulos do Tesouro Americano, que paga 2,45%. Capiche? O Zé Povinho, como sempre, fica a ver navios, embora enquanto o pau vai e vem, os governantes, as administrações públicas e afins, e os pensionistas do setor público, vão recebendo regularmente os seus vencimentos. Até quando?
Vale a pena ler este post de Bill Bross na íntegra:

Happiness Runs
Janus Capital, February 6, 2017 order to control volatility, and keep a floor under asset prices, central bankers may be trapped in a QE-forever cycle, (in order to keep the global system functioning). Withdrawal of stimulus, as has happened with the Fed in the past few years, seemingly must be replaced by an increased flow of asset purchases (bonds and stocks) from other central banks, as shown in Chart I. A client asked me recently when the Fed or other central banks would ever be able to sell their assets back into the market. My answer was "NEVER". A $12 trillion global central bank balance sheet is PERMANENT - and growing at over $1 trillion a year, thanks to the ECB and the BOJ. 
An investor must know that it is this money that now keeps the system functioning. Without it, even 0% policy rates are like methadone - cancelling the craving but not overcoming the addiction. The relevant point of all this for today's financial markets? A 2.45%, 10-year U.S.Treasury rests at 2.45% because the ECB and BOJ are buying $150 billion a month of their own bonds and much of that money then flows from 10 basis points JGB's and 45 basis point Bunds into 2.45% U.S. Treasuries. Without that financial methadone, both bond and stock markets worldwide would sink and produce a tantrum of significant proportions. I would venture a guess that without QE from the ECB and BOJ that 10-year U.S. Treasuries would rather quickly rise to 3.5% and the U.S. economy would sink into recession.

So what's wrong with financial methadone? What's wrong with a continuing program of QE's or even a rejuvenated U.S. QE if needed? Well conceptually at first blush, not much. The interest earned on the $12 trillion is already being flushed from central banks back to government fiscal authorities. One hand is paying the other. But the transfer in essence means that monetary and fiscal policies have joined hands and that the government, not the private sector, is financing its own spending. At an expanding margin, this allows the private sector to finance its own spending and fails to discriminate between risk and reward. $600 billion in the U.S. for instance goes into the repurchase of company stock, whereas before, investment in the real economy might have been a more lucrative choice. In addition, individual savers, pension funds, and insurance companies are now robbed of the ability to earn rates of return necessary to maintain long-term solvency. Financial Armageddon is postponed as consumption is brought forward and savings suppressed and deferred. 

Sem comentários: