quinta-feira, dezembro 18, 2014

A bolha de xisto já rebentou!

A ilusão petrolífera americana foi mais uma bolha especulativa

A voz corrente confundiu, uma vez mais, o desejo com a realidade.

O desejo é que haja abundância eterna de petróleo fino na crosta terrestre. A realidade é que o petróleo só poderia continuar a servir a era de crescimento rápido que a Humanidade conheceu nos últimos duzentos anos se os custos da produção deste, bem como a produção do carvão e do petróleo de carvão, do GTL e de outras fontes móveis e imóveis (eólicas, paineis solares e barragens, por exemplo) de energia não tornar as operações comercialmente impossíveis, o que já está a ocorrer por toda a parte. Não se pode gastar mais na produção de um bem do que o preço máximo pelo qual o poderemos vender!

The Fracturing Energy Bubble Is the New Housing Crash
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 12/17/2014 18:10 -0500
Zero Hedge
The graph below which shows that every net job created in the US during the last seven years is attributable to the shale states will be one of the first to morph into a less happy shape.

But there is something else even more significant. The global oil price collapse now unfolding is not putting a single dime into the pockets of American households - the CNBC talking heads to the contrary notwithstanding.  What is happening is the vast flood of mispriced debt and capital, which flowed into the energy sector owning to the Fed’s lunatic ZIRP and QE policies, is now rapidly deflating.

That will reduce bubble spending and investment, not add to economic growth. It’s the housing bust all over again.
"It's A Huge Crisis" - The UK Oil Industry Is "Close To Collapse"
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 12/18/2014 23:21 -0500
Zero Hedge
"Almost no new projects in the North Sea are profitable with oil below $60 a barrel, he claims. 'Everyone is retreating'"

Comstock Suspends Drilling In Eagle Ford Due To Plunging Oil Prices
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 12/18/2014 16:26 -0500
Zero Hedge

Shale 0 - Saudi Arabia 1

Following one after another major and shale company announcing plans to trim capex (even as they miraculously still get to keep their revenue and EPS projections intact, for now), the latest victory handed to Saudi Arabia on a silver platter comes courtesy of Comstock Resources (Total Debt/EBITDA 2.4x, EBITDA $421MM, CapEx $674MM) Comstock Resources said earlier today that in response to low oil prices, plans to suspend oil directed drilling activity in its Eagle Ford shale properties and in Tuscaloosa Marine shale.

It was not immediately clear how many high-paying oilfield jobs would be promptly terminated as a result of this unambiguously good development.

Calculating The Breakeven Price For The Median Bakken Shale Well

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 12/19/2014 14:26 -0500
Zero Hedge

Authored by CEO of the SOFA,

A lot of data has been thrown around recently concerning the Bakken shale wells of North Dakota in an attempt to figure out the necessary oil price required to break even on the investment.  In order to get a clearer picture of the financial situation in Bakken, it is necessary to develop a financial model of the median Bakken well (attached). 

With a discount rate of 15%, the median well has a profitability index of 1.02 (after federal income tax) if $66 per barrel is used.   (A profitability index of 1.0 indicates a break even situation at the discount rate that was used in the model).  This means that at $66 per barrel, half the wells are uneconomic.  If oil prices settle out at this price it can be expected that the number of wells drilled should be reduced by about half.

If the current oil price of $55 per barrel is used, the initial production rate has to be increased to 800 BPD in order to break even.  According to the J.D. Hughes data, 25% of the wells have an initial production rate of 1000 BPD or more.  Accordingly, if oil prices settle out at the current price, the number of wells drilled will be about a quarter of the present number.

Oil Crash Exposes New Risks for U.S. Shale Drillers
By Asjylyn Loder Dec 19, 2014 8:19 PM GMT+0000

Shares of oil companies are also dropping, with a 49 percent decline in the 76-member Bloomberg Intelligence North America E&P Valuation Peers index from this year’s peak in June. The drilling had been driven by high oil prices and low-cost financing. Companies spent $1.30 for every dollar earned selling oil and gas in the third quarter, according to data compiled by Bloomberg on 56 of the U.S.-listed companies in the E&P index.

Financing costs are now rising as prices sink. The average borrowing cost for energy companies in the U.S. high-yield debt market has almost doubled to 10.43 percent from an all-time low of 5.68 percent in June, Bank of America Merrill Lynch data show.

Atualização: 19 dez 2014 23:45 WET

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